The Early Attachment Experiences are the Roots of Psychopathy

The paper proposes the attachment and the deficient hemispheric integration hypothesis’ suggesting that the problematic behaviors shown by the people affected by the disorder could be associated with the erratic attachment style that they might have shared with their parents, as children. Such a style is most likely to be the disorganized form. This erratic style of attachment not only negatively affects psychosocial adjustment but also has a negative influence on the neurobiological systems (amygdala, the orbito frontal cortex, other parts of the limbic system and the corpus callosum) that are responsible for functions like emotional processing and social adjustment. This hypothesis has the potential to explain the already proposed LHA hypothesis and the weak lateralization observed for emotional processing in the right hemisphere.

Secure attachment helps the pre-verbal child to adapt to the surroundings and helps in the development of the right hemisphere functions which in turn helps the child to achieve regulation of various biological functions and effective social communication. The development of the non-verbal communication that is supported by the right hemisphere is important as the infant has undeveloped language abilities. The later developing left hemisphere also contributes towards the child’s adaptive functioning due to the strengthening of the connectivity between the two hemispheres which itself is supported by the secure environment that the caregivers provide. The proper integration of both the hemisphere is important in daily functioning. The disorganized form of attachment that the children share with their parents is thus ultimately responsible in disposing them towards developing the psychopathic symptoms in both the affective as well as the interpersonal domain.

October 2009
Interpersona An International Journal on Personal Relationships 3(1)
CC BY 4.0

Neha Khetrapal
O.P. Jindal Global University

Author: Linda Turner

Coaching and Therapy Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Hypnotherapy. Qualified NLP, EMDR and CBT therapist. REIKI Master. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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