The terms “psychopath” and “sociopath” are not officially recognized as distinct mental health disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). However, they are sometimes used colloquially to describe individuals who exhibit certain personality traits and behaviors.
A psychopath is typically described as an individual who lacks empathy, is manipulative, and is prone to impulsive and sometimes violent behavior. Psychopaths are often charming and charismatic, but they can also be deceitful and dishonest. They may lack a sense of guilt or remorse for their actions, and they may engage in criminal behavior or other harmful acts.
A sociopath is sometimes used interchangeably with the term psychopath, but it is also used to describe individuals who exhibit similar traits but who may not engage in criminal behavior. Sociopaths may be more prone to superficial charm and a lack of empathy, and they may be more adept at manipulating others for their own gain.
It is important to note that these terms are not clinically recognized diagnoses, and the traits and behaviors associated with them may be present in a variety of mental health disorders. Additionally, a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional would be necessary to determine an accurate diagnosis and the most appropriate treatment plan for an individual.