Q & A – what are the different personality disorders?

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), there are ten different personality disorders, which are grouped into three clusters based on their shared characteristics:

Cluster A:

  1. Paranoid Personality Disorder: characterized by a pervasive distrust and suspicion of others, without any evidence of wrongdoing.
  2. Schizoid Personality Disorder: characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, emotional coldness, and solitary activities.
  3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder: characterized by odd beliefs, behaviors, and appearance, as well as social and interpersonal difficulties.

Cluster B:

  1. Antisocial Personality Disorder: characterized by a disregard for others’ rights and feelings, impulsivity, and a lack of remorse or guilt.
  2. Borderline Personality Disorder: characterized by instability in mood, behavior, and self-image, as well as a fear of abandonment and intense, unstable relationships.
  3. Histrionic Personality Disorder: characterized by excessive emotionality, attention-seeking behavior, and exaggerated expressions of emotions.
  4. Narcissistic Personality Disorder: characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a lack of empathy, and a need for admiration.

Cluster C:

  1. Avoidant Personality Disorder: characterized by social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and a fear of criticism or rejection.
  2. Dependent Personality Disorder: characterized by a need for others to make decisions, a lack of self-confidence, and a fear of separation.
  3. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: characterized by a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control, as well as inflexibility and rigidity.

It is important to note that the diagnosis of a personality disorder requires a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, and a thorough assessment of an individual’s symptoms, behavior, and history. Additionally, individuals with personality disorders may experience symptoms that overlap with other disorders, and may benefit from a tailored treatment approach.

Author: Linda Turner

Coaching and Therapy Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Hypnotherapy. Qualified NLP, EMDR and CBT therapist. REIKI Master. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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