Q & A – What are the different types of personality disorders?

here are many different types of personality disorders, each of which is characterized by a distinct set of patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) identifies 10 different types of personality disorders, which are grouped into three clusters:

Cluster A (odd or eccentric behaviors):

  • Paranoid personality disorder: characterized by pervasive distrust and suspicion of others.
  • Schizoid personality disorder: characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships and a preference for solitary activities.
  • Schizotypal personality disorder: characterized by eccentric behaviors, odd beliefs, and unusual perceptions.

Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic behaviors):

  • Antisocial personality disorder: characterized by a disregard for others’ rights and feelings, and a tendency towards impulsive and sometimes criminal behavior.
  • Borderline personality disorder: characterized by intense mood swings, unstable relationships, and impulsivity.
  • Histrionic personality disorder: characterized by a need for attention, dramatic behaviors, and an excessive focus on appearance and physical attractiveness.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder: characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others.

Cluster C (anxious or fearful behaviors):

  • Avoidant personality disorder: characterized by social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to criticism or rejection.
  • Dependent personality disorder: characterized by a pervasive need for others to take care of them, and an inability to make decisions without the input of others.
  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: characterized by a preoccupation with order, perfectionism, and control, often at the expense of interpersonal relationships.

It’s important to note that personality disorders can be challenging to diagnose and treat, and they can have a significant impact on an individual’s daily life and functioning. If you or someone you know is struggling with symptoms of a personality disorder, it’s important to seek professional help and support.

Author: Linda Turner

Coaching and Therapy Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Hypnotherapy. Qualified NLP, EMDR and CBT therapist. REIKI Master. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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