Sociopathy is a term that is often used interchangeably with psychopathy, and both conditions share similar traits and characteristics. Like psychopathy, there is evidence to suggest that sociopathy has a genetic component, but it is also influenced by environmental factors. Studies have shown that genetic factors account for approximately half of the variance in sociopathic traits. However, as with psychopathy, having a genetic predisposition to sociopathy does not necessarily mean that an individual will develop sociopathic traits. Environmental factors, such as childhood experiences and socialization, can also play a role in the development of sociopathy. It is important to note that the terms psychopathy and sociopathy are not formally recognized as distinct mental health diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and their use is often controversial. Instead, the DSM-5 uses the term Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) to describe a pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that is similar to psychopathy and sociopathy.
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