“Child affected by parental relationship distress” (CAPRD) is a term used to describe children who experience negative consequences as a result of witnessing conflict or distress between their parents or caregivers. CAPRD is a relatively new term that was introduced in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) in 2013 as a condition for further study.
Children who are exposed to parental conflict or distress may experience a range of emotional, behavioral, and social difficulties. Some of the common symptoms associated with CAPRD may include anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, academic difficulties, and problems with social relationships.
It’s important to note that not all children who experience parental conflict will develop CAPRD, and the severity and duration of the conflict may also impact the likelihood of negative outcomes. Additionally, the impact of parental conflict on children may depend on a range of factors, including the child’s age, temperament, and coping skills, as well as the quality of the parent-child relationship.
Interventions for CAPRD may include individual and family therapy, parental education and support, and interventions aimed at improving communication and reducing conflict between parents. Early intervention is particularly important as it may help to prevent long-term negative outcomes and promote healthy development in affected children.