Actually, DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) does not provide specific diagnoses for child abuse. However, it does describe various disorders that may be associated with the experience of child abuse or neglect. Here are some examples:
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Children who experience abuse or neglect may develop PTSD, which is characterized by symptoms such as flashbacks, avoidance, and hyperarousal.
- Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD): RAD is a disorder that can develop in children who do not form healthy attachments with caregivers due to early childhood abuse or neglect.
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD): DMDD is a disorder that can develop in children who experience chronic or severe emotional abuse, and is characterized by frequent outbursts of anger and irritability.
- Adjustment Disorder: Children who experience abuse or neglect may develop adjustment disorder, which is characterized by symptoms such as sadness, anxiety, or behavioral changes in response to a stressful life event.
It’s important to note that a diagnosis alone does not necessarily indicate that a child has been abused or neglected, and that a comprehensive assessment is necessary to identify the cause of any mental health symptoms. Additionally, it’s important to seek the help of qualified mental health professionals in treating any potential mental health issues related to child abuse or neglect.
© Linda C J Turner