Mythomania, also known as pseudologia fantastica, is a psychiatric condition in which a person compulsively tells lies, often about their personal life, accomplishments, or experiences. The lies may be elaborate and detailed, and the person may believe them to be true.
Mythomania is not the same as being a habitual liar, as individuals with mythomania may not have full control over their lying behavior and may not be aware of the falsehood of their statements. The lies they tell may also be grandiose and implausible, far beyond what an average person would be able to believe.
The cause of mythomania is not fully understood, but it may be related to underlying psychological or psychiatric conditions, such as borderline personality disorder or narcissistic personality disorder. It may also be related to past trauma or a history of abuse.
Treatment for mythomania may involve therapy, medication, or a combination of both. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may help the person to identify and change the patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to their lying behavior. Medications, such as antipsychotics or mood stabilizers, may also be used to address underlying psychiatric conditions.
It is important to note that mythomania is a rare condition, and not all individuals who tell lies frequently have this condition. If you or someone you know is struggling with compulsive lying, it may be helpful to seek the guidance of a mental health professional.
© Linda C J Turner