Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Coercive Control coercive control Delusional Disorder DESTRUCTIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER EMOTIONAL ABUSE NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Facing the truth

It is not uncommon for partners of psychopaths to have difficulty facing or accepting the truth about their partner’s psychopathic traits or behavior. There can be various reasons for this reluctance:

  1. Emotional attachment: The partner may have developed strong emotional bonds and attachments to the psychopath, which can make it challenging to accept or acknowledge the negative aspects of their personality.
  2. Cognitive dissonance: Cognitive dissonance refers to the psychological discomfort experienced when holding conflicting beliefs or perceptions. The partner may struggle to reconcile the positive aspects they see in the psychopath with the negative behaviors or traits they may witness or suspect.
  3. Manipulation and deception: Psychopaths are often skilled manipulators who can deceive their partners and create a false image or facade. The partner may be under the influence of the psychopath’s manipulative tactics, making it difficult for them to see through the deception or recognize the truth.
  4. Fear and intimidation: Psychopaths can exhibit controlling and intimidating behaviors, which can instill fear in their partners. The fear of retaliation or the consequences of confronting the psychopath may discourage the partner from facing the truth.
  5. Dependency and isolation: Psychopaths may intentionally create dependency and isolation within their relationships, making it harder for their partners to seek support or gain an outside perspective. The partner may feel trapped or helpless, unable to break free from the influence of the psychopath.

It is important to approach these situations with empathy and understanding. Encouraging the partner to seek professional help, such as therapy or counseling, can provide them with the support and tools necessary to navigate their relationship and make informed decisions about their well-being.

 © Linda C J Turner


Childhood experiences play a significant role in the development of psychopathy.

Several childhood experiences have been identified as potential contributors to the development of psychopathic traits. It’s important to note that while these experiences may increase the risk, they do not guarantee the development of psychopathy. Here are some significant childhood experiences associated with psychopathy:

  1. Early Life Adversity: Experiencing significant adversity during early childhood, such as abuse (physical, emotional, or sexual), neglect, or severe trauma, can increase the risk of developing psychopathic traits. These adverse experiences can disrupt healthy emotional and social development.
  2. Parental Dysfunction: Growing up in a dysfunctional family environment, characterized by inconsistent or harsh parenting, parental substance abuse, domestic violence, or lack of positive role models, can contribute to the development of psychopathic traits. Children may not receive the necessary guidance and emotional support, leading to difficulties in empathy and moral development.
  3. Lack of Empathy Development: Empathy, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others, typically develops during early childhood. Children who lack appropriate emotional and nurturing experiences may struggle to develop empathy, which is a central aspect of psychopathy.
  4. Callous-Unemotional (CU) Traits: Some children exhibit callous and unemotional traits from an early age, such as a lack of guilt or remorse, shallow affect, and a disregard for the emotions of others. These traits, when combined with adverse childhood experiences, can increase the risk of developing psychopathy.
  5. Peer Relationship Issues: Childhood experiences of chronic social rejection, isolation, or difficulties forming meaningful relationships with peers may contribute to the development of psychopathic traits. Repeated failures in forming healthy social connections can impair the development of prosocial behaviors and empathy.

It’s important to emphasize that not all individuals who experience these childhood factors will develop psychopathic traits. The development of psychopathy is a complex interaction between genetic predispositions, environmental factors, and individual characteristics.

 © Linda C J Turner

Antisocial Personality Disorder PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Q & A – Is sociopathy genetic?

The exact causes of sociopathy, or antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), are not fully understood. While there is evidence to suggest that genetics can play a role in the development of ASPD, it is important to note that it is a complex condition influenced by various factors.

Research indicates that there is a genetic component to ASPD. Studies involving twins have shown that there is a higher concordance rate for ASPD among identical twins compared to fraternal twins, suggesting a genetic influence. However, it is important to note that genetics alone are not sufficient to determine whether someone will develop ASPD.

Environmental factors also play a significant role. Childhood experiences, such as exposure to violence, abuse, neglect, or an unstable family environment, can contribute to the development of antisocial behavior. Additionally, certain personality traits and individual characteristics, such as impulsivity, low empathy, and a lack of remorse, can contribute to the development of ASPD.

In summary, while there is evidence to suggest a genetic component to sociopathy, it is a complex condition influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and individual factors. It is important to approach the topic with sensitivity and recognize that not everyone with genetic risk factors will develop sociopathy, and not all individuals with sociopathy have a genetic predisposition.

© Linda C J Turner

EMOTIONAL ABUSE Psychological manipulation

Excessive flattery!

Flattery is a common tactic used by narcissists to manipulate and control others. Narcissists have an excessive need for admiration and attention, and they often use flattery as a way to get what they want from others. They may compliment their victims excessively, telling them what they want to hear to gain their trust and loyalty.

While flattery may feel good in the moment, it’s important to be aware that narcissists use it as a tool for manipulation. They may use flattery to gain power and control over their victims, and once they have achieved their goal, they may discard their victim or turn on them.

If you suspect that someone is using flattery to manipulate you, it’s important to remain objective and assess their actions and behavior. Look for consistency in their words and actions, and pay attention to any red flags or warning signs. Trust your instincts and seek support from trusted friends or family members.

It’s important to remember that you deserve to be treated with respect and kindness, and you should never compromise your values or boundaries for the sake of flattery or approval. Setting boundaries and learning to say no can be important steps in protecting yourself from the manipulative tactics of a narcissist.

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder)

Being fooled by the Narcissist

Being fooled by a narcissist can be a difficult experience. Narcissists are individuals who have an excessive sense of self-importance and entitlement, and they often use manipulation and deception to get what they want. They can be charming and charismatic, which can make it challenging to see through their false persona and recognize their manipulative behavior.

Narcissists may use tactics such as love bombing, where they shower their victim with attention and affection, or gaslighting, where they manipulate their victim into questioning their own perceptions and reality. They may also use guilt-tripping, blame-shifting, and other tactics to control their victims.

If you suspect that you are being fooled by a narcissist, it’s essential to trust your instincts and seek support from trusted friends or family members. It can also be helpful to educate yourself about narcissistic personality disorder and the tactics that narcissists commonly use to manipulate others.

It’s important to remember that you are not responsible for the narcissist’s behavior, and you deserve to be treated with respect and kindness. Setting boundaries and seeking professional help may be necessary to protect yourself and regain your sense of self-worth.

LINDA C J TURNER Q & A with #LindaCJTurner

Intentional Damage

When it comes to intentional damage from narcissistic parents, the situation can be particularly challenging and painful for the child. Narcissistic parents may have a pattern of behavior that is self-centered, manipulative, and emotionally abusive, which can cause long-lasting harm to their children.

Children of narcissistic parents may struggle with issues such as low self-esteem, feelings of guilt and shame, anxiety, and depression. They may also have difficulty forming healthy relationships with others and may struggle with trust and intimacy.

If you are the child of a narcissistic parent, it’s important to recognize that you are not responsible for your parent’s behavior, and you have a right to protect yourself from further harm. This may involve setting boundaries, limiting contact with your parent, and seeking support from a therapist or counselor.

It can also be helpful to educate yourself about narcissistic personality disorder and the ways in which it can manifest in relationships. Understanding the behavior patterns of a narcissistic parent can help you to identify and address the ways in which their behavior has impacted your life.

Ultimately, healing from the intentional damage caused by a narcissistic parent can be a long and challenging journey, but with the right support and resources, it is possible to build a fulfilling and healthy life.


Dont get distracted by a psychopath

  1. Stay aware: If you suspect someone may be attempting to manipulate or distract you, try to stay aware of their behavior and the situation at hand. Pay attention to any patterns or inconsistencies in their actions or words.
  2. Stay focused on your goals: Keep your focus on your goals and priorities, and don’t let anyone else’s behavior distract you from achieving them. Remember what’s important to you and stay motivated to pursue your objectives.
  3. Set boundaries: It’s important to set clear boundaries in any relationship, whether personal or professional. If someone is attempting to distract or manipulate you, be clear about what behaviors are unacceptable and communicate those boundaries firmly.
  4. Seek support: If you’re feeling overwhelmed or unsure about how to handle a difficult situation, seek support from trusted friends, family, or professionals. Talking to others can help you gain perspective and feel more confident in your ability to handle challenging situations.

Remember that everyone deserves respect and consideration, but it’s also important to protect your own well-being and focus on your goals. If you’re concerned about someone’s behavior, don’t hesitate to seek help and support from others.

Antisocial Personality Disorder DESTRUCTIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Q & A – Are all psychopaths are malicious sophists?

The term “sophist” historically referred to a group of ancient Greek philosophers who were known for their skills in rhetoric and argumentation. They were often criticized for being more concerned with winning arguments than discovering truth.

While psychopaths may use similar skills in rhetoric and argumentation to manipulate and exploit others, it’s important to note that not all psychopaths are intentionally malicious. Some may not even be aware of the harm they are causing to others due to their lack of empathy and disregard for others’ feelings.

That being said, psychopaths can certainly be harmful to those around them and are known for their ability to deceive and manipulate others for their own gain. Whether intentional or not, their actions can be destructive and damaging to those who interact with them.

So, while it’s not accurate to say that all psychopaths are malicious sophists, it is true that they can use their skills in rhetoric and argumentation to achieve their own ends at the expense of others.

EMOTIONAL ABUSE Psychological manipulation Psychopath Psychopathic style PSYCHOPATHIC TRAITS Triangulation (psychology)

How the psychopath stays in control!

Psychopaths are individuals who lack empathy and conscience, and they often manipulate and exploit others to fulfill their own desires. One of the tactics they use to achieve this is to encourage antagonisms or place distance among the people they deceive.

By doing so, psychopaths prevent their victims from comparing notes and discovering the lies they’ve been told. When victims are isolated, they may feel like they’re the only one who’s experiencing the situation, making it easier for the psychopath to control and manipulate them.

Psychopaths may also use this tactic to create confusion and mistrust among their victims. By spreading rumors and lies, they can cause their victims to question each other’s motives and intentions, making it easier for the psychopath to maintain their control.

Overall, psychopaths are skilled manipulators who use a variety of tactics to control and exploit others, and encouraging antagonisms or placing distance among their victims is just one of the many ways they achieve this.

Antisocial Personality Disorder PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Antisocial Personality Disorder Scale (APDS)

The Antisocial Personality Disorder Scale (APDS) is a self-report measure used to assess the presence and severity of symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). It consists of 20 items that assess a range of behaviors and attitudes associated with ASPD, such as impulsivity, criminal behavior, and a disregard for the rights of others.

Respondents rate each item on a Likert scale from 0 (not at all descriptive) to 3 (very descriptive). The total score ranges from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating a greater degree of ASPD symptoms.

It’s important to note that the APDS is not a diagnostic tool and should not be used in isolation to diagnose ASPD. It is best used as a screening tool to identify individuals who may require further evaluation by a qualified mental health professional.

Additionally, as a self-report measure, the APDS may be subject to response biases or inaccuracies. Therefore, it should be used in conjunction with other assessment methods and clinical judgment.