NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Q & A – Is there a test for NPD?

A formal test for Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is usually administered by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. However, there are several self-assessment tools available online that can provide a preliminary indication of whether someone may have narcissistic traits or tendencies.

It is important to note that these self-assessment tools should not be used as a diagnosis, and individuals who are concerned about their mental health should seek professional help from a qualified mental health provider.

Here are some self-assessment tools that can provide a preliminary indication of narcissistic traits:

  1. Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI): The NPI is a widely used self-assessment tool that measures narcissism on a scale of 0 to 40. The NPI consists of 40 forced-choice questions that assess attitudes and behaviors related to grandiosity, entitlement, and exhibitionism.
  2. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5): The DSM-5 is a widely used diagnostic manual for mental health disorders. It provides diagnostic criteria for NPD, including a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy, among other symptoms.
  3. Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): The PAI is a self-report measure that assesses a range of personality traits, including narcissism. It includes a validity scale that can help identify individuals who may be exaggerating or minimizing their responses.

Again, it is important to remember that these self-assessment tools should not be used as a diagnosis, and individuals who are concerned about their mental health should seek professional help from a qualified mental health provider.

©Linda Turner

Alienation Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

A Test of Two Brief Measures of Grandiose Narcissism:

Narcissism measures.
 Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-40).
 The NPI-40(Raskin & Terry, 1988) is a 40-item self-report measure of trait narcissism. The reliability across samples ( N   1,316) was .87.
Narcissistic Personality Inventory–16 (NPI-16).
 The NPI-16(Ames et al., 2006) is a 16-item self-report measure of trait narcissism derived from the NPI-40. The reliability across samples( N   1,316) was .75.
Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI).
 The PNI (Pincus etal., 2009) is a 52-item self-report measure of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism traits. The PNI contains four vulnerable narcissism subscales (i.e., Contingent Self-Esteem, Hiding theSelf, Devaluing, and Entitlement Rage) and three grandiose narcissism subscales (i.e., Self-Sacrificing Self-Enhancement, Grandiose Fantasies, and Exploitativeness). Alphas in Sample 2 ranged from .74 to .94, and alphas in Sample 5 ranged from .82 to .95.
 Narcissistic Grandiosity Scale (NGS).
 The NGS (Rosenthal,Hooley, & Steshenko, 2007) is a measure of grandiose narcissism,which requires participants to rate themselves on 16 adjectives such as “superior” and “omnipotent” on a 1 (not at al) to 7extremely
) scale. The reliability was the same in both Sample 4 and Sample 5 (  .96). Scores from the NGS are significantly correlated with other measures of grandiose narcissism and traits associated with narcissism such as agreeableness and extraversion(e.g., Miller, Price, & Campbell, 2012; Miller, Price, Gentile, et al.,2012).
Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS).
 The HSNS (Hen-din & Cheek, 1997) is a 10-item self-report measure of vulnerable narcissism. Alphas ranged from .66 (Sample 1) to .81 (Sample 5).
Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES).
 The PES (Campbell, Bonacci, Shelton, Exline, & Bushman, 2004) is a nine-item self-report measure of the extent to which individuals believe that they are more deserving than others. Items are scored on a 1 ( strong disagreement ) to 7 ( strong agreemen) scale. Alphas were .86(sample 2) and .88 (samples 4 and 5).
 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE).
 The RSE (Rosenberg,1965 ) is a 10-item measure of global self-esteem. Alphas ranged from .88 (Sample 4) to .91 (Sample 5).

Personality measures.

 Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R).
 The NEO-PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992) is a 240-item self-report measure of the five-factor model (FFM), which includes the domains of Neuoticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness,and Conscientiousness. Alphas for the domains ranged from .87 to.92, .89 to .91, and .86 to .94 for Samples 1, 2, and 6, respectively.
Parental reports of FFM personality.
 Parental ratings of personality were collected from participants in Sample 1. A packet containing several questionnaires was sent to the homes of participants’ parents. The parent(s) completed an informant version of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa &McCrae, 1992), a 60-item measure of the FFM domains. Alphas for these domains ranged from .63 (Openness) to .90 (Conscientiousness).
Thin-slice ratings.
 Using the protocol described by Oltmanns,Friedman, Fiedler, and Turkheimer (2004), each participant in Sample 2 was individually videotaped for 60 s while answering the question: “What do you enjoy doing?” Each clip was rated by an average of 11 raters who were doctoral students in a clinical psychology program. The graduate students rated the clips on the following constructs (using one item per construct) using a 5-point Likert scale: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience,Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, physical attractiveness, likability, and narcissism. The five personality domain descriptions were consistent with FFM definitions (e.g., Costa & McCrae, 1992). Node scriptors were given for physical attractiveness. Likability was gauged with the question “How likable do you find this individual(would you want to get to know him/her better)?” For narcissism,raters were given several descriptors (i.e., self-centered, grandiose,and overly confident) to go with the “narcissistic” label. Intra class correlations (ICCs) indicated that inter rater reliability was high,ranging from .77 (likability) to .92 (physical attractiveness), witha median of .86. Composites were created by taking the mean of all available ratings.
A thin-slice is a brief (e.g., 60 s) video-recorded clip of an individual’s behavior that is then coded by blind-raters for various personality traits.The clip can involve  person answering questions about themselves,performing an activity, or interacting with others in a group setting. The purpose of thin-slice ratings is to assess how much information regarding an individual’s personality can be gleaned from a first impression.
Data from all samples were screened for excessive missing data or random responding (e.g., high numbers of consecutive answers of the same number such as “1”).
Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS).

 The IAS (Wiggins,1995) contains 64 adjectives, scored on a 1 to 8 scale, that providescores on the interpersonal circumplex (IPC). The scale includeseight octant scores and scores on the two primary axes of dominance and nurturance. The alphas for the octants ranged from .79(Unassuming-Ingenuous) to .91 (Cold-hearted).

Personality disorders.

Structured Clinical Interview for  DSM–IV  Personality Disorders—Personality Questionnaire (SCID-II-PQ).
 The SCID-II-PQ (First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997) is a119-item self-report measure that assesses the diagnostic criteria for the  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders  (4thed., text rev.;  DSM–IV–TR;  American Psychiatric Association,1994) personality disorders. In Sample 2, the full scale was used,and it manifested reliabilities ranging from .44 (obsessive-compulsive) to .89 (antisocial). In Samples 1, 4, and 5, only theNPD subscale was used, with alphas ranging from .65 to .82. InSample 6, a SCID-II-PQ semi structured interview was used to assess NPD (    .76; inter rater reliability  ICC     .77).
 Personality Inventory for  DSM–5  (PID5).
 The PID5(Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012) is a220-item self-report measure that was created to assess the 25 personality traits proposed for use as part of a new alternative diagnostic model for personality disorders in the  DSM–5
 (to be included in Section 3 in order to stimulate further research on this approach). Items are scored on a 0 (Very false or Often False) to 3 (Very True or Often True
) scale. Alphas across facets ranged from .68 to .94. The PID5 scales manifest good structural validity (Wright et al., 2012) and strong correlations with  DSM–IV– TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000)personality disorder scores (Hopwood, Thomas, Markon,Wright, & Krueger, 2012).
Psychopathy measures: Self-Report Psychopathy Scale–III(SRP-III).
 The SRP-III (Paulhus, Neumann, & Hare, in press)is a 64-item self-report measure of psychopathy that has four subscales. Factor 1 psychopathy is measured by the Interper-sonal Manipulation (SRP-IPM;     .86) and Callous Affect(SRP-CA;
    .80) scales, whereas Factor 2 psychopathy ismeasured by the Erratic Lifestyle (SRP-ELS;    .81) and Antisocial Behaviors (SRP-ASB;     .78) scales. The SRP-III scales demonstrate substantial correlations with alternative measures of psychopathy (Few, Miller, & Lynam, 2013; Seib-ert, Miller, Few, Zeichner, & Lynam, 2011) and have a well-validated factor structure (e.g., Neal & Sellbom,2012)
Adultification Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Brainwashing - Mind Control coercive control Dark Triad Delusional Disorder DESTRUCTIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER EMOTIONAL ABUSE Enabler Greed Histrionic Personality Machiavellianism Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) Oedipus Complex Pathogenic Parenting Pathological Lying PERSONALITY DISORDERS predators Projection Psychological manipulation Psychopath Psychopathic style PSYCHOPATHIC TRAITS Sociopath Stockholm Syndrome Triangulation Triangulation (psychology)

Articles by Sam Vaknin

About Sam Vaknin, Author of Narcissism Book

I am not a mental health professional, though I was certified in Counseling Techniques. I work as a financial consultant to leading businesses and to governments in several countries.”

Brainwashing - Mind Control Coercive Control coercive control EMOTIONAL ABUSE

Ticking Time Bombs

In 1964, well-known psychoanalyst Erich Fromm first coined the term “malignant narcissism”. He described it as a “severe mental sickness” which embodied “the quintessence of evil”. Other clinicians agreed. Psychoanalyst Otto Kernberg defined malignant narcissism as “an extreme form of antisocial personality disorder that is manifested in a person who is pathologically grandiose, lacking in conscience and behavioural regulation, and with characteristic demonstrations of joyful cruelty and sadism.”

EMOTIONAL ABUSE Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Mind Games

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Low Grade Narcs


“Narcissism is increasing,”

“Narcissism is increasing,”

ALEXANDRIA, La. (BP) — “Narcissism is increasing,” concluded W. Keith Campbell, head of the department of psychology at the University of Georgia, “notably in the form of grandiose narcissism and NPD [narcissistic personality disorder].” Campbell made those observations in a recent article for the British newspaper The Independent, titled “Are we more narcissistic than ever?” He noted that American college students in the 2000s were more likely to be narcissistic than their counterparts in the 1980s.

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder)

The Narcissist Abusive Adult Child

When you discover you are just the same as the Narcissistic parent who bought you up

  • The Narcissist parent teaches you how to be a Narcissist.
  • The Narcissist parent teaches their own child how to be disrespectful
  • They teach you how to cheat and lie.
  • They show you how to have no empathy for anyone.
  • They teach you how to use and abuse and manipulate people.
  • They instill greed and hatred into you.
  • Then they act surprised when you, their own narcissist child grows into a Narcissist adult.
  • Then the Narcissist acts shocked when you start telling lies to your friends, relatives and to you.
  • Then the Narcissist adult child starts to use and abuse you just liked you taught them throughout their life.
  • The Narcissistic adult child has no boundaries, they don’t care if its you or anyone else, they will lie, cheat and manipulate you, as well as their own friends, and even their own children, just like you taught them.
  • You have taught your Narcissist adult child everything you know and now they are using it against you. Now how do you feel?

The lucky ones are the children who had the backbone and strength to move away and have no contact. These are the ones who will learn from their parents mistakes and make something of themselves.

These are the children of Narcissistic parents who will be successful through sheer hard work, NOT THROUGH LYING, CHEATING AND MANIPULATING.

So well done Narcissistic parents, what a legacy you will be leaving behind, what a bunch of sad pathetic losers you are. What useful life skills have you taught your children

But congratulations to the ones who have broken away, seen the light, and are full of love, empathy and have self respect.

You are the winners in life.

Linda Turner

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder)

It’s not your job to save or fix them

The grandiose people, because they feel superior, they’re very unlikely to seek treatment. Rather, they hold a grievance against the world, which will eventually cause for a deep craving for admiration and lead the narcissistic to lead a life searching for fleeting ego boosts. The narcissist is unwilling to unravel the false ego self, which is a necessary part of the healing process. Unfortunately, they are genuinely damaged and not open to healing.

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder)

You’re a narcissist and don’t even know it

You constantly feel under appreciated
You think everyone else is stupid

Obsessing over your appearance
You really like to swear at people
You are self-righteous
You are a serial romantic
You cheat in relationships
You put some people on pedestals
You like to put other people down
Your parents both ignored and adored you
If you’re not grandiose, then you’re introverted, hypersensitive, defensive, and anxious
You feel justified in being mean to people
You enjoy leading others and telling them what to do
You hate having to feel emotions
You’re more attractive than other people — or at least you think you are
Instead of listening, you just wait to speak
You choose your friends to look cool or take advantage of people
You always have to be in control