LINDA C J TURNER Q & A with #LindaCJTurner

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Pathological Lying PERSONALITY DISORDERS Q & A with #LindaCJTurner

Q & A – Does a pathological liar ever tell the truth?

Yes, a pathological liar can tell the truth, but it can be difficult to determine when they are telling the truth and when they are lying.

Pathological lying is a behavior in which a person compulsively lies, often without a clear motive or reason. The lies may be elaborate and convincing, and the person may continue to lie even when confronted with evidence that contradicts their story.

Because pathological lying is a compulsive behavior, it can be difficult for the person to control or stop. They may lie even when there is no apparent benefit to doing so, and they may continue to lie even when it puts them at risk of negative consequences.

However, it is possible for a pathological liar to tell the truth, especially if the truth serves their immediate needs or is easier to tell than a lie. It is important to approach all statements from a pathological liar with a healthy dose of skepticism and to look for corroborating evidence before accepting their claims as true. It is also important to recognize that the underlying issue causing the pathological lying may need to be addressed before the behavior can be changed.


Q & A – Is psychopathy genetic?

There is evidence to suggest that psychopathy has a genetic component, but it is also influenced by environmental factors. Studies have shown that genetic factors account for approximately half of the variance in psychopathic traits. However, it’s important to note that having a genetic predisposition to psychopathy does not necessarily mean that an individual will develop psychopathic traits. Environmental factors, such as childhood experiences and socialization, can also play a role in the development of psychopathy. Ultimately, the relationship between genetics and psychopathy is complex and not fully understood.

NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Q & A – Is there a test for NPD?

A formal test for Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is usually administered by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. However, there are several self-assessment tools available online that can provide a preliminary indication of whether someone may have narcissistic traits or tendencies.

It is important to note that these self-assessment tools should not be used as a diagnosis, and individuals who are concerned about their mental health should seek professional help from a qualified mental health provider.

Here are some self-assessment tools that can provide a preliminary indication of narcissistic traits:

  1. Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI): The NPI is a widely used self-assessment tool that measures narcissism on a scale of 0 to 40. The NPI consists of 40 forced-choice questions that assess attitudes and behaviors related to grandiosity, entitlement, and exhibitionism.
  2. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5): The DSM-5 is a widely used diagnostic manual for mental health disorders. It provides diagnostic criteria for NPD, including a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy, among other symptoms.
  3. Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): The PAI is a self-report measure that assesses a range of personality traits, including narcissism. It includes a validity scale that can help identify individuals who may be exaggerating or minimizing their responses.

Again, it is important to remember that these self-assessment tools should not be used as a diagnosis, and individuals who are concerned about their mental health should seek professional help from a qualified mental health provider.

©Linda Turner

Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Q & A – Do narcissistic parents raise narcissist children?

Narcissistic parents can indeed raise children who exhibit narcissistic traits or behaviors, but this is not always the case. The relationship between narcissistic parents and their children is complex and can vary depending on a variety of factors, including the severity of the parent’s narcissism and the child’s individual temperament.

Narcissistic parents tend to prioritize their own needs and desires over those of their children, often projecting their own insecurities and desires onto their children. This can lead to a child feeling pressured to meet the parent’s expectations and seek validation from them. Over time, the child may develop narcissistic traits as a way to cope with these dynamics, or they may develop other negative coping mechanisms such as anxiety, depression, or low self-esteem.

It is also possible for children of narcissistic parents to develop resilience and healthy coping mechanisms, particularly if they are able to form relationships outside of the family that provide them with emotional support and validation. Therapy can also be a valuable resource for individuals who have grown up with narcissistic parents and are struggling with the after-effects.

Ultimately, while there is a correlation between narcissistic parenting and narcissistic children, it is important to recognize that there are many factors that contribute to the development of narcissistic traits, and every individual is unique in their experiences and responses to their environment.

©Linda Turner 2023



Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Cerebral narcissist traits

Cerebral narcissism is a subtype of narcissistic personality disorder that is characterized by a preoccupation with one’s intellect, achievements, and status. Some of the traits that are commonly associated with cerebral narcissists include:

  1. Intellectual superiority: Cerebral narcissists often believe that they are smarter than other people and may look down on those who they perceive as less intelligent.
  2. Lack of empathy: They may have difficulty understanding or caring about the feelings of others, as they tend to prioritize their own interests above all else.
  3. Arrogance: They may have a sense of entitlement and believe that they are entitled to special treatment or recognition because of their intelligence or accomplishments.
  4. Preoccupation with success: They may be obsessed with achieving success in their careers or other areas of their lives, and may be unwilling to compromise or collaborate with others to achieve their goals.
  5. Need for admiration: They may seek out praise and validation from others, and may become upset or angry if they feel that they are not receiving enough attention or recognition.
  6. Grandiosity: They may have an inflated sense of their own importance and may exaggerate their accomplishments or abilities.
  7. Lack of self-awareness: They may be unable or unwilling to recognize their own flaws or mistakes, and may blame others for their failures.

It’s important to note that not all people with narcissistic personality disorder will exhibit all of these traits, and some people may exhibit different combinations of traits.

©Linda Turner 2023



The trolls are at it again!!

Our old site has been recreated using my artwork and linked to a French Pharmacy page selling Viagra and various other drugs.

We are not associated or linked or affiliated with this since January 2022.

We changed the name of our site over 1 year to stop this type of behaviour.

And so it goes on!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Natural Borns Liars

Photo by Yan Krukau on




Alienation Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

A Test of Two Brief Measures of Grandiose Narcissism:

Narcissism measures.
 Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-40).
 The NPI-40(Raskin & Terry, 1988) is a 40-item self-report measure of trait narcissism. The reliability across samples ( N   1,316) was .87.
Narcissistic Personality Inventory–16 (NPI-16).
 The NPI-16(Ames et al., 2006) is a 16-item self-report measure of trait narcissism derived from the NPI-40. The reliability across samples( N   1,316) was .75.
Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI).
 The PNI (Pincus etal., 2009) is a 52-item self-report measure of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism traits. The PNI contains four vulnerable narcissism subscales (i.e., Contingent Self-Esteem, Hiding theSelf, Devaluing, and Entitlement Rage) and three grandiose narcissism subscales (i.e., Self-Sacrificing Self-Enhancement, Grandiose Fantasies, and Exploitativeness). Alphas in Sample 2 ranged from .74 to .94, and alphas in Sample 5 ranged from .82 to .95.
 Narcissistic Grandiosity Scale (NGS).
 The NGS (Rosenthal,Hooley, & Steshenko, 2007) is a measure of grandiose narcissism,which requires participants to rate themselves on 16 adjectives such as “superior” and “omnipotent” on a 1 (not at al) to 7extremely
) scale. The reliability was the same in both Sample 4 and Sample 5 (  .96). Scores from the NGS are significantly correlated with other measures of grandiose narcissism and traits associated with narcissism such as agreeableness and extraversion(e.g., Miller, Price, & Campbell, 2012; Miller, Price, Gentile, et al.,2012).
Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS).
 The HSNS (Hen-din & Cheek, 1997) is a 10-item self-report measure of vulnerable narcissism. Alphas ranged from .66 (Sample 1) to .81 (Sample 5).
Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES).
 The PES (Campbell, Bonacci, Shelton, Exline, & Bushman, 2004) is a nine-item self-report measure of the extent to which individuals believe that they are more deserving than others. Items are scored on a 1 ( strong disagreement ) to 7 ( strong agreemen) scale. Alphas were .86(sample 2) and .88 (samples 4 and 5).
 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE).
 The RSE (Rosenberg,1965 ) is a 10-item measure of global self-esteem. Alphas ranged from .88 (Sample 4) to .91 (Sample 5).

Personality measures.

 Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R).
 The NEO-PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992) is a 240-item self-report measure of the five-factor model (FFM), which includes the domains of Neuoticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness,and Conscientiousness. Alphas for the domains ranged from .87 to.92, .89 to .91, and .86 to .94 for Samples 1, 2, and 6, respectively.
Parental reports of FFM personality.
 Parental ratings of personality were collected from participants in Sample 1. A packet containing several questionnaires was sent to the homes of participants’ parents. The parent(s) completed an informant version of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa &McCrae, 1992), a 60-item measure of the FFM domains. Alphas for these domains ranged from .63 (Openness) to .90 (Conscientiousness).
Thin-slice ratings.
 Using the protocol described by Oltmanns,Friedman, Fiedler, and Turkheimer (2004), each participant in Sample 2 was individually videotaped for 60 s while answering the question: “What do you enjoy doing?” Each clip was rated by an average of 11 raters who were doctoral students in a clinical psychology program. The graduate students rated the clips on the following constructs (using one item per construct) using a 5-point Likert scale: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience,Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, physical attractiveness, likability, and narcissism. The five personality domain descriptions were consistent with FFM definitions (e.g., Costa & McCrae, 1992). Node scriptors were given for physical attractiveness. Likability was gauged with the question “How likable do you find this individual(would you want to get to know him/her better)?” For narcissism,raters were given several descriptors (i.e., self-centered, grandiose,and overly confident) to go with the “narcissistic” label. Intra class correlations (ICCs) indicated that inter rater reliability was high,ranging from .77 (likability) to .92 (physical attractiveness), witha median of .86. Composites were created by taking the mean of all available ratings.
A thin-slice is a brief (e.g., 60 s) video-recorded clip of an individual’s behavior that is then coded by blind-raters for various personality traits.The clip can involve  person answering questions about themselves,performing an activity, or interacting with others in a group setting. The purpose of thin-slice ratings is to assess how much information regarding an individual’s personality can be gleaned from a first impression.
Data from all samples were screened for excessive missing data or random responding (e.g., high numbers of consecutive answers of the same number such as “1”).
Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS).

 The IAS (Wiggins,1995) contains 64 adjectives, scored on a 1 to 8 scale, that providescores on the interpersonal circumplex (IPC). The scale includeseight octant scores and scores on the two primary axes of dominance and nurturance. The alphas for the octants ranged from .79(Unassuming-Ingenuous) to .91 (Cold-hearted).

Personality disorders.

Structured Clinical Interview for  DSM–IV  Personality Disorders—Personality Questionnaire (SCID-II-PQ).
 The SCID-II-PQ (First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997) is a119-item self-report measure that assesses the diagnostic criteria for the  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders  (4thed., text rev.;  DSM–IV–TR;  American Psychiatric Association,1994) personality disorders. In Sample 2, the full scale was used,and it manifested reliabilities ranging from .44 (obsessive-compulsive) to .89 (antisocial). In Samples 1, 4, and 5, only theNPD subscale was used, with alphas ranging from .65 to .82. InSample 6, a SCID-II-PQ semi structured interview was used to assess NPD (    .76; inter rater reliability  ICC     .77).
 Personality Inventory for  DSM–5  (PID5).
 The PID5(Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012) is a220-item self-report measure that was created to assess the 25 personality traits proposed for use as part of a new alternative diagnostic model for personality disorders in the  DSM–5
 (to be included in Section 3 in order to stimulate further research on this approach). Items are scored on a 0 (Very false or Often False) to 3 (Very True or Often True
) scale. Alphas across facets ranged from .68 to .94. The PID5 scales manifest good structural validity (Wright et al., 2012) and strong correlations with  DSM–IV– TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000)personality disorder scores (Hopwood, Thomas, Markon,Wright, & Krueger, 2012).
Psychopathy measures: Self-Report Psychopathy Scale–III(SRP-III).
 The SRP-III (Paulhus, Neumann, & Hare, in press)is a 64-item self-report measure of psychopathy that has four subscales. Factor 1 psychopathy is measured by the Interper-sonal Manipulation (SRP-IPM;     .86) and Callous Affect(SRP-CA;
    .80) scales, whereas Factor 2 psychopathy ismeasured by the Erratic Lifestyle (SRP-ELS;    .81) and Antisocial Behaviors (SRP-ASB;     .78) scales. The SRP-III scales demonstrate substantial correlations with alternative measures of psychopathy (Few, Miller, & Lynam, 2013; Seib-ert, Miller, Few, Zeichner, & Lynam, 2011) and have a well-validated factor structure (e.g., Neal & Sellbom,2012)
Malignant Narcissism Narcissism Narcopath NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Ive Changed!

NPD (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Its official